Thursday, September 25, 2014

Warning Labels on Sugary Drinks


“STATE OF CALIFORNIA SAFETY WARNING: Drinking beverages with added sugar(s) contributes to obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay.”



This is the warning label that was proposed to appear on all sugar-sweetened beverages including soda, sports drinks, energy drinks, and other sugary beverages. 

Sugar-sweetened beverages are the largest contributor of added calories in American diets. These beverages and the consumption of “liquid sugar” pose unique health risks, many of which consumers are unaware of. According to the California Center for Public Health Advocacy (CCPHA), drinking one soda per day increases the risk for obesity in adults by 27 percent, and a child’s risk by 55 percent. The average American consumes over 38 pounds of sugar per year JUST from sugar-sweetened beverages.


38.6 pounds of sugar

There is an increasing amount of research linking sugary drink consumption to rising rates of diet-related diseases. According to a recent Change Lab Solutions webinar, unless the obesity epidemic is reversed, 1 in 3 children born after the year 2000 will develop type 2 diabetes in their lifetime. Almost half of all Latino and African-American children will develop type 2 diabetes if current trends continue. The effects of diabetes can be extremely serious, most commonly causing blindness, amputations, insulin shot dependence, kidney failure and nerve damage.

The beverage industry is intentionally targeting young people in their advertising, especially African-American and Latino youth. Higher exposure equals higher consumption. Something has to be done.

In February of this year, State Senator Bill Monning introduced the first legislation in the U.S. requiring safety warning labels on sugary beverages sold in California. The Senator, among other supporters of SB 1000 claim that this legislation will give consumers the essential information they need to make healthy and informed choices.  CCPHA has been a leader in this movement, and has support from almost every major state newspaper, over 150 different organizations in California, and 74% of Californians.

SB 1000 continued on, but eventually the bill was voted down in the California State Assembly in an 8-7 vote. The bill passed the California State Senate, but fell short in the State Assembly’s Health Committee because of strong opposition from the beverage industry. With 74% of Californians in support of this legislation, it is clear that people want to be informed, but the beverage industry is resisting transparency.

The warning label isn’t the one answer to our nations sugar-sweetened beverage addiction. However, it is a first step. The purpose of the warning label is to guide the consumer’s attention to specific products, so that they can make informed choices. The warning label, as an authoritative statement from the State, aims to educate consumers. The label states a proven scientific fact. This is an early strategy to change social norms, according to the CCPHA.

For example, the Surgeon General warning on cigarette packaging was put on at the peak of cigarette consumption. After this label appeared on all cigarette packaging, consumption declined. Two-thirds of smokers say the warning label is an “important source of health information, decreases the attractiveness of the product, and is strongly associated with the desire and intention to quit”.  This is the exact outcome we hope will be a result of a warning label on sugary drinks, and this is the reason the beverage lobby is so opposed. They know it will work.

Big Soda also knows that people are angry, and we want change. This is why the three largest soda companies (Coca-Cola, PepsiCo and the Dr. Pepper Snapple Group) pledged at the 10th annual Clinton Initiative to cut the number of sugary drink calories that Americans consume by one-fifth in about a decade. How will they do this? They claim, “through a combination of marketing, distribution and packaging”. Their plans include expanding low-calorie and no-calorie drink selections, selling smaller portions of drinks, and using marketing and promotional skills to help educate consumers and encourage them to reduce the calories they’re drinking.

The beverage industry is attempting to distract the public from the fact that they lobbied against SB 1000 and that in the midst of making this pledge, they are pouring money and resources into fighting soda tax initiatives, which aim to reduce calories consumed by sugary beverages and educate consumers.  The goals of SB 1000 and the proposed soda tax are the same as those outlined in Big Soda’s pledge. 

The problem is that the beverage industry is more interested in protecting sales and saving face than in working together and the health of the American public. Sales of sugary drinks have been declining in recent years, so soda companies have expanded to offer energy drinks, vitamin-enhanced waters and juices. The market is already heading in the direction of healthier choices, so they’re essentially “promising what’s going to happen anyway”, according to Kelly Brownell, an expert on obesity at Duke University.

 It’s no coincidence that this pledge is coming at a time when the beverage industry needs to rethink their strategies and gain points with the public. Not to mention, the soda tax vote in Berkeley is fast-approaching.

If the three biggest soda companies are sincerely interested in decreasing consumption of calories by sugar-sweetened beverages and the education of consumers, shouldn’t they be in support of legislation that will achieve those goals?
  
Even if these soda companies do focus on lower-calorie and smaller sizes of sweetened beverages, there are still many sugary drinks that are perceived as healthy by consumers. For example, juices with added sugar, or vitamin-enhanced “waters” can contain just as much sugar as a soda. The warning label on these drinks would equip the consumer with the information they need to make educated choices. 


Luckily, CCPHA isn’t ready to give up the fight. They are confident that SB 1000 will be reintroduced in 2015, after “continued grassroots organizing, expanding organizational support, and increased community education”. In the meantime, spread the word, drink water, and voice your support!

Monday, August 4, 2014

First 5 Hands-On Health Express

Photo by First 5 California


With abundant local produce choices and pleasant weather, summer is a great time to focus on healthy eating and getting active outdoors.

First 5 California's Hands-On Health Express aims to empower families to do just that. The Hands-On Health Express is an award-winning bilingual children's exhibit. The van travels across California, inspiring families to eat more nutritious foods and incorporate physical activity into their daily routines. 

The traveling exhibit features "Edu-tainers", who educate and empower families using interactive games, activities and a pretend farmers market. 

The Hands-On Health Express will be traveling to Del Norte County later this week. The traveling exhibit will be located at:

First 5 Family Resource Center 
494 Pacific Avenue, Crescent City
Thursday, August 7th 
1pm-5pm.

Don't miss out on this opportunity. There will be fantastic resources for families and children focused on healthy eating and active living!


Click below to view flyers in Spanish and English



Friday, June 20, 2014

The "School Lunch Debate"


Photo by Getty Images



“The School Lunch Debate” has been all over the news since a House subcommittee approved a measure allowing school districts with proven economic hardship to temporarily opt out of the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act nutrition standards passed in 2010. The new measure would allow schools to sidestep new standards for lower-sodium and 100% whole grains in meals. GOP leaders and the School Nutrition Association, which represents school food service directors and food suppliers, claim that the new requirements are unattainable.  They are saying that kids aren’t interested in the healthy options; therefore the schools are losing large amounts of money due to waste. There is also concern about effectively reducing the amounts of sodium and other preservatives. 

According to NPR, about a month ago, the USDA decided to relax its guidelines on whole grains by “offering a two-year extension for schools that can 'demonstrate significant challenges in serving whole-grain rich pastas' to continue serving 'traditional enriched pasta products' for up to two more years as the food industry develops better whole-grain pasta products for schools".

Supporters of upholding the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act nutrition standards include the First Lady Michelle Obama, Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack, the National Education Association, the American Medical Association, and the American Heart Association.

Education paired with healthy options could be the answer to healthier students and less food waste. Kids are more likely to eat fruits and vegetables that they’re familiar with, and toss out those that they don’t know. Research has shown that kids need to be exposed to a new food 10-15 times, before they are likely to try and acquire a taste for it. More than 40,000 schools across the U.S. are currently engaging in farm-to-school activities. Students who are introduced to new foods in the classroom or school garden are more inclined to try them in the cafeteria. Education is a powerful and effective preventative measure to combat diet-related disease.

Paying extra for more nutritious foods in our schools costs much less than the $14 billion per year spent on treating conditions such as type-2 diabetes and hypertension in children. One in three children in the U.S. is currently overweight or obese, and one in three children will eventually develop diabetes if current trends continue.  The answer shouldn’t be taking away these standards for nutrition, but instead figuring out ways to help schools achieve them more easily, and with less waste. 

Monday, June 16, 2014

Harvest of the Month




Photo by Hither and Thither


Eating seasonal produce grown close to home is an important contribution that anyone can make to a healthy local food system. As an added bonus, seasonal produce is fresher, tastes better, and is often cheaper than its out-of-season counterparts.  However, feeling comfortable identifying, purchasing, and preparing produce that’s in season is not a reality for many people.

Education is a key piece to building a healthy and conscious community. Nutrition education can be incorporated into any subject matter. There’s no doubt that it is beneficial to expose children to various fruits and vegetables and healthy lifestyle choices at an early age. According to Champions for Change, research has shown that eating a colorful variety of fruits and vegetables and getting at least 60 minutes of physical activity daily helps children to maintain a healthy weight and lower risk for serious health problems.

Harvest of the Month aims to increase access, preference and consumption of local and seasonal produce. The primary audience is students of any age, but there are also components included for use with families and communities. The program was originally created by several local school districts in California as part of a broader nutrition education program targeting low-income students, but was launched as a statewide effort in 2005 by the California Department of Public Health.  Harvest of the Month features resources that can be used in a wide variety of settings including schools, daycares and farmers markets, to name a few. These materials include tasting recipes, history, nutrition information, family and community newsletters (in Spanish and English), and activities relating to the featured produce.

Harvest of the Month currently reaches 2,900 students in Del Norte schools each month. The program in Del Norte is supported by the Community Alliance for Family Farmers (CAFF) and sources produce from local growers whenever possible. This creates and builds upon partnerships between growers and the greater community, while creating long-term sustainability. Since the implementation of the program, an increase in consumption of fruits and vegetables over the course of one school year has been recorded by surveying 4th, 5th, and 9th grade students.

The Harvest of the Month Program was funded in the past by the Network for a Healthy California. However, they have shifted their focus away from schools and these funds are no longer available to support this program. The Community Food Council for DNATL, along with CAFF and the Del Norte County School District, has been committed to ongoing efforts to keep Harvest of the Month in our schools. These efforts have included creating community partnerships, fundraising, exploring alternative funding sources, and spreading the Harvest of the Month message to the whole community.

In addition, the Food Council is working in partnership with SNAP-Ed at the Department of Health and Human Services to implement new Harvest of the Month Programs and expand those that already exist in Home Daycares, Preschools and Head Starts in DNATL. We have created a resource guide for the Harvest of the Month Program that can be used by 0 to 5 providers. The guide includes tasting recipes, educator guides with produce information, physical activity for the classroom, and poems about enjoying seasonal produce. The Food Council recently attended the Child Care Council’s Annual Home Daycare Providers Conference and gave fifty-eight copies of our resource guide to the Home Daycare Providers in DNATL. We are also providing all of the preschool and head start providers with resource guides for the upcoming school year.  One of the goals of the Food Council in the coming year is to support 0 to 5 providers in effectively using these resource guides and being able to more easily incorporate the Harvest of the Month Program into their already packed curriculums.  

The Community Food Council is working to build a vibrant and sustainable food system in DNATL in various ways. Through promoting the Harvest of the Month program, we are aiming to have a positive influence on students and their families. The larger goal is to ensure that they will be surrounded by healthy choices and possess the knowledge and skills to support a nutritious and active lifestyle for years to come. 

Wednesday, June 11, 2014

DIY Food Workshops: Bringing food education to Crescent City

Recently at the Youth and Family Fair, representatives of the Community Food Council conducted a survey where participants identified the biggest struggles they face when trying to put a healthy meal on the table. Overwhelmingly, the results showed that time, money, and skills/knowledge were the most significant barriers to eating healthy. This was just a recent survey, but it confirmed something that we've suspected to be true for a long time: one of the biggest problems people face is simply not knowing what healthy food is, or how to cook it.

As a council, we have often discussed the issue of the lack of knowledge around healthy eating. It seems like it always came up in every discussion we had about how to properly address this issue and how to help: there needs to be a consistent and comprehensive method of teaching basic skills for all aspects of food. With the help of excellent volunteers, like Paul and Julie Jo of Ocean Air Farms, we had been able to hold a few educational workshops on growing your own food. When Food Day 2013 rolled around, proclaiming "education" as the theme for the holiday's festivities, we decided to put a strong focus on food education, from growing your own, to cooking, preserving, and even foraging. on Food Day 2013, we had our first big outing of "DIY Food Workshops." That day we had a whole day devoted to DIY workshops, including mushroom foraging, fermentation, basic kitchen skills, gardening skills, raising chickens, other food foraging, and canning. Our day of DIY was a great success, so the Food Council decided to make these DIY Food Workshops an on-going event.






Starting in January of 2014, the Community Food Council kicked off its series of DIY Food Workshops with a two-part workshop on consecutive weekends; the subject was home canning, including water bath canning and pressure canning. We were lucky enough to have a representative from the UC Cooperative Extension, Deb Giraud, come down to lead this workshop. Our impressive turn out of 30+ people learned the in's and out's of two different types of canning, got hands-on by canning their own veggies and beans, and were able to take home some basic canning supplies. After coming together for this workshop, a small contingent of the attendees followed it up by attending the Master Food Preserver's courses in Humboldt County.




Since our first DIY class, we've since held two more, in March and May. Paul Madeira teamed up with Andrea Souther of the National Resource Conservation Service in March to lead the workshop on Spring Gardening. Paul shared insight with attendees based on his extensive experience with local farming, while Andrea brought equipment to test attendees' soil samples for pH and taught about soil conservation methods. We continued with the theme of gardening into our May workshop, where Annie McAleenan of Annie Mac's Family Produce taught about all the exciting potential of Container Gardening. Again, attendees got to get hands on, planting a straw bale, numerous hanging bucket planters, a pallet, and a multitude of other containers that Annie Mac uses for her own home farm.





The Community Food Council will continue these DIY Food Workshops every other month into the future. We have yet to determine the subject and speaker for our July workshop, so stay tuned to this blog, our Facebook page, and look for flyers around town! As we continue the workshops every other month, expect these topics to come up:

  • Fermentation
  • Cheese making
  • Mushroom foraging
  • Native plant foraging
  • Orchard care
  • Permaculture/sustainable design
  • and a multitude of cooking subjects
We hope you get the chance to attend one of our workshops in the future. All workshops are free of charge, open to anybody, and will always have raffle prizes to give away! If you have specific topics you'd like to see us feature in a workshop, please feel encouraged to write us at foodcouncildnatl@gmail.com or on our Facebook page: "Community Food Council for Del Norte and Adjacent Tribal Lands."

Friday, May 30, 2014

On A Budget? Meal Planning Helps!



The USDA's MyPlate campaign suggests that half of our plate at every meal should be fruits and vegetables (more veg than fruit), with the other half made up of whole grains and protein (more whole grain than protein). At the Youth and Family Fair, the Community Food Council for Del Norte and Adjacent Tribal Lands asked a simple question:

If the USDA's MyPlate is the standard of a "healthy meal", what barriers make it difficult for families in our community to serve meals that fit that standard?

We know from surveys in the schools that many children in Del Norte schools report eating NO fruit or vegetables in the 24 hours leading up to the survey. While children not eating vegetables does not mean they weren't served vegetables, this is still an indicator that the MyPlate meal is not the norm in our community (or in most others).

We asked fair attendees to indicate what they felt were the two biggest challenges for families. Not too surprisingly, the biggest answers were time and money, with a lack of skills or knowledge not far behind. We will focus some attention on these challenges over the next year through our DIY Food Workshops, on our blog, and in other aspects of our work. Today is a start.
Menu planning can help diminish the challenges of both time and money by limiting the number of shopping trips, allowing for some bulk preparation and purchases, and matching easy meals on your busiest days. There is some upfront time to start getting used to menu planning, but it will pay off in the long run.


The USDA MyPlate campaign is not just public service messages about how the USDA thinks we should be eating. The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) arm of USDA provides a lot of tools to help families eat healthier meals.

At the Grocery Game Plan website, the USDA offers a variety of tools to help people create a weekly menu plan, build a shopping list, and tips on saving money at the grocery store. There are links to their healthy recipe finder and sample menus to help get you started. You can even build your own cookbook within the recipe finder!



Thursday, May 29, 2014

Farmers Markets As Social Spaces

The first farmers markets of the season are just around the corner! The Wednesday Downtown Farmers and Artisans Market is opening in less than a week, with the Crescent City Farmers Market opening a few days later. It's time to get your veggies on! 

It's also time to dust off your market basket and visit with old friends because farmers markets are great "third places" in many communities, including ours. The concept of third places -- social spaces that are not work and not home -- was popularized by Ray Oldenburg in his book, The Great Good Place, in the late 1980s. Third places allow people to socialize with a cross-section of community in ways that are not bound by neighborhood or profession.

Farmers markets highlight many of the features of a classic third place:

  • They are neutral ground. Nobody is required to be there (except the vendors) and it is free to enter.
  • All members of a community can participate; third places often act as levelers, minimizing class barriers.
  • Conversation is a major activity. If you look around a farmers market, you'll see conversations everywhere. People who rarely see each other or see each other only in formal settings, are able to chat, share recipes, catch up on grown children, or make plans for seeing each other again.
  • They are accessible and accommodating. Farmers markets are often centrally located so that people can reach them easily and even walk or bike to them. 
  • There are regulars and anyone can become a regular. If you are yourself a regular at the farmers market, you know that there are people you can count on seeing. Some of them are the vendors, but others are people you see at the market week in and week out.
  • Third places are typically low key. They are wholesome and welcoming to all walks of life. You see young families, single adults, older couples...everyone can come to the market.
  • Farmers markets are cheerful or playful, like other third places. Even though business is being transacted, it feels happier and less stressful than other errands and shopping trips. Vendors and customers build relationships.
  • Third places become a home away from home. People look forward to returning and feel a sense of belonging and ownership. 
Third places are important centers for community life. At home, you see your family and immediate neighbors. At work, you interact with colleagues. In third places, you might see people from both home and work, but you also see parents of your children's friends, or their teachers; you see people from a job you left three years ago; you see friends from church or synagogue; you see the actors from the most recent local play; and you see people you recognize as your restaurant servers, supermarket checker, bank teller, and more.

Third places let us mingle and see our commonalities, while our immediate neighborhoods and work settings often divide us by economic class, race or ethnicity, and history.

I am definitely looking forward to buying fresh, local produce when the markets open next week. But I am equally excited to see the vendors again, to share recipes with people buying the same things I am buying, and to have a few minutes with a lot of great people I rarely see in my day to day life.

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